The Aviation industry underpins Australian business and tourism and has an estimated annual revenue of $43.54 billion, adding $15.91 billion to the Australian economy in 2017. The industry employs more than 88,000 people across its five main sub-sectors: Domestic commercial aviation, international commercial aviation, general aviation, air-freight transport and aviation support infrastructure.
The Maritime industry has an estimated annual revenue of $5.76 billion, adding $2.58 billion to the Australian economy in 2017. Ten per cent of the world’s sea trade passes through Australian ports and over 95 per cent of Australian exports are transported by sea. Our coastline is over 60,000 kilometres in length and our search and rescue region covers more than 10 per cent of the Earth’s surface.
The Gas industry is forecast to generate $4.19 billion for the Australian economy through FY 2017-18 and employs more than 13,000 people. Forecast employment growth is expected to be at 2.5 per cent over the next five years, resulting in a steady demand for a skilled workforce. Future industry requirements include the need to up skill the existing workforce to keep up with the demands of changing technology entering the market.
POLICE, PUBLIC SAFETY & DEFENCE INDUSTRY
The Public Safety industry employs more than 170,000 people in full-time jobs, 22,000 people in standby/reserve positions, and approximately 260,000 volunteers. The industry has an estimated annual revenue of $53.34 billion, adding over $31 billion to the Australian economy in 2016-17.
Australia’s Public Safety industry is diverse, and comprises police, fire, and rescue services, maritime rescue, emergency services and emergency management agencies, the Australian Defence Force, intelligence organisations and associated administrative and support functions.
The Electrotechnology industry includes the design, maintenance, installation and repair for all electrical and electronic equipment. The technology stretches across many sectors including mining, manufacturing, ICT and communications, construction, renewables, domestic and commercial refrigeration and air-conditioning. The Electrical Services industry (a subsector within Electrotechnology) involves electrical wiring or fittings in buildings and other construction projects, and repair and maintenance of existing electrical equipment and fixtures. The Electrotechnology industry is an $87.11 billion revenue industry employing almost 340,000 people.
The Rail industry underpins Australian business, as it carries people and commodities on over 33,000km of track across the country. It has an estimated annual revenue of $25.52 billion, adding $10.43 billion to the Australian economy in 2017. The industry employs almost 60,000 people across 977 companies comprising private and public operators, passenger and freight operators, track owners and managers, manufacturers and suppliers that operate in urban, regional, and rural areas of Australia.
CORRECTIONAL SERVICES INDUSTRY
The Corrections industry added $3.71 billion to the Australian economy in 2016-17. The Corrections industry employs over 31,000 people across prisons, juvenile and immigration detention, parole services, correctional administration and management. Correctional services implement the correctional sanctions determined by the courts and releasing authorities such as parole boards.
Correctional services agencies operate or contract with private operators, prison facilities and in some States and Territories, periodic detention centres. They are also responsible for managing offenders on community corrections’ orders. Correctional services agencies administer services and programs which aim to reduce prisoners’ and offenders’ risk of re-offending and also provide advice to courts and releasing authorities.
The Water industry in Australia has an estimated annual revenue of $22.71 billion, adding $13.06 billion to the Australian economy in 2015-16. The industry employs over 31,000 people across its sub-sectors: water supply, sewerage, drainage services and pipeline transport (water).
TRANSPORT AND LOGISTICS INDUSTRY
The Transport and Logistics industry in Australia has an estimated annual revenue of $96.65 billion with an operating profit of $10.41 billion. The industry employs nearly half a million people across its major sub-sectors: road transport, logistics, warehousing and stevedoring.
ESI TRANSMISSION, DISTRIBUTION AND RAIL INDUSTRY
The ESI Transmission, Distribution and Rail (ESI TDR) industry refers to Australia’s infrastructure networks that are used to transport high-voltage electricity from generators to distribution networks; and then directly to domestic and industrial users. The transmission network is inclusive of power lines and substations. The Transmission industry alone accounts for $3.03 billion in revenue and employs almost 4,799 people. However, the Distribution industry is significantly bigger generating $16.62 billion in revenue and employing over 33,000 people.
ESI GENERATION INDUSTRY
The ESI Generation industry has an estimated annual revenue of $24.26 billion, adding $4.96 billion to the Australian economy in 2017. The industry employs almost 11,700 people across Fossil Fuel and Renewable generation. Although the demand for electricity is expected to increase over the next five years, public concern about the environment represents a significant challenge for the industry.
Digital transformation has already ‘disrupted’ the industries within AIS’ remit. Some examples include:
the logistics sector has seen an expansion of goods-to-person automation to improve the effectiveness and efficiency of e-commerce. Drone technology for parcel delivery is developing;
the port sector has seen automation of container movement operations expand;
within the transport industry autonomous vehicles are being used in mining areas to transport materials to target locations while calculating routes and avoiding obstacles. Autonomous trains are also being used in the rail sector andintegrated transport facilities are already a reality;
in the electricity supply sector businesses are operating in an increasingly automated environment with the use of big data for decision making and efficiency gains; and
new technologies shaping the maritime sector include robots, sensors and big data; propulsion and powering; smart ships and autonomous systems; and deep ocean mining and marine biotechnologies.